Emotional Disorder is not a scientific term, but coined this term for the purpose of easy understanding. Emotions are important for healthy survival. Emotions like happiness, sadness, fear, anger etc., are common for every human till it make trouble.
When any emotion disrupts the normal running life, then it is called Emotional Disorder. We divide this emotional disorder into three branches namely, Anger Disorder (Aggression), Depression and Anxiety Disorder.
Effective emotional management is essential need to meet successful social life and personal development.
PSYCHOLOGICAL CAUSES OF EMOTIONAL DISORDERS
ANGER DISORDER (AGGRESSION):
Anger is a normal emotion, some extent, it is a biological need for self-defense. For correct reason at correct situation with correct intensity and correct way of expression towards correct person is a correct anger, it is not a problem.
If anger comes to out of control, it discharges the undesirable outputs such as physical/verbal attack and/or material damage, these way of expression called as anger disorder. This intensive aggression makes troublesome to health, wealth, performance, relationships and quality of life. So we consider this anger out-burst as a type of emotional disorder. Some people express their aggression towards self, this may called as Passive Aggression, this is also dangerous.
Sometimes anger may act as a outlet (catharsis) / displacement for the feeling of pain, depression and anxiety. Hyper active individuals and aggressive personality individuals are concealed with “sudden” expression of anger.
Every anger person has their own reason, but it may be apt for one person and not apt for another person, it does not matter about right or wrong, it is the matter of troublesome. Inspite of that the normal anger not only depends on the “Reason”, along with the Reason, normal anger has to be considered by the situation, person, intensity and way of expression. The assertive anger does not come under disorder.
Depression is not just sadness or unhappiness. As per ICD-10 and DSM V, it is a kind of disorder, but the consistent feeling of unpleasant and unhappiness is a major symptom of depression.
Depression significantly affects the normal life. They do not show interest to do their daily routines and day to day responsibilities. Depressed people always want to lie down on bed with sleep or without sleep. Depressive people does not want to participate with pleasurable activities, they losses their self-motivation, they felt negative mood, at the advanced stage, they does not want to live, somebody triggers to attempt suicide.
Some people confused with the term “Stress”. Stress is a normal emotional impact, it is psychological and physiological drive towards biological balance of emotion for normal survival. Not only eustress, distress also not a problem unless the stress constantly persist for more than three months, this consistent stress may be a reason for depression. Excessive, persistent, intrusive and debilitating worries, fears and sadness may have a possibility to cause depression.
Anxiety is a kind of motivation, it is a necessary warning signal and body’s natural response to meet dangerous or difficult situation and it helps to anticipating difficulties ahead to coping with that situation, it is normal. Otherwise, there is no anticipating difficulties ahead and not necessary to cope with that situation but anxiety provoking thoughts stimulates anxiety without real cause, this unreasonable, unwanted and uncontrollable anxiety is called Anxiety Disorder.
Anxiety disorders are divided into the following types.
SOCIAL ANXIETY AND PERFORMANCE ANXIETY DISORDER:
Feeling of uncontrollable dread towards specific object or specific situation or specific activity that usually possesses no actual danger, this anxiety exhibits only at the presence or anticipating the exact object or situation or activity.
Excessive uncontrollable fear of an actual or anticipating the below mentioned situation without reasonable background.
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER (O.C.D.)
Unwanted, unavoidable and uncontrollable repeated negative thoughts, predictions and beliefs generate anxiety, simultaneously unwanted, unavoidable and uncontrollable rituals provoked in terms of reducing associated anxiety.
In general, obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior are irrational and involuntary. Repeated reassurance seeking behavior is a basic symptom of O.C.D.
The multiple number of questions are raising in O.C.D. mind such as, Is it Safe? Or Unsafe? Is it correct or wrong? Will it happen or not? etc.,
FEW EXAMPLES TO UNDERSTAND O.C.D.:
HEALTH ANXIETY DISORDER (HYPOCHONDRIASIS)
This is another type of O.C.D.
SEPARATION ANXIETY DISORDER:
Intolerable persistent anxiety towards the separation/isolation from the person who have a strong emotional attachment like parents/spouse/children/care givers or due to get away from the protective place like home.
Compulsory divorce and compulsory transfer are few examples to emerge separation anxiety. Lacking of affection, care and support triggers this separation anxiety to cause stress.
POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER:
The person experienced, witnessed or was confronted with an incident that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others and the response involved intense fear, helplessness or horror.
Immediately after that traumatic incident mind gets into shock but over a period of time mind comes to calm through self biological process of emotion. But some cases unable to cope with that emotion and struggling to get back from that intrusive memories and subsequent anxiety. If this symptom persist for more than three months and cause a significant amount of trouble then it is mentioned as post traumatic stress disorder Few examples : Abuse, Accidents, Theft etc.,
TREATMENT FOR EMOTIONAL DISORDERS:
Psychological core study, counseling, cognitive therapy, subconscious therapy, cognitive approaches, techniques and innovative apparatus are utilized appropriately to treat emotional disorders based on the causes, symptoms and types of emotional disorder.